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Phenol

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Phenol is an aromatic organic compound appreciably soluble in water with the molecular formula C6H6O. It is a white crystalline solid that is volatile. The molecule consists of a phenyl group (−C6H5) bonded to a hydroxy group (−OH). Mildly acidic, it requires careful handling because it can cause chemical burns. Phenol is a weak acid.

Chemical (IUPAC) Name : Phenol, Benzenol
Trade Name : Phenol
Chemical Formula : C6H6O
Synonyms : Carbolic acid, Phenylic acid,Hydroxybenzene, Phenic acid
Appearance : Transparent crystalline solid
Odor : Sweet and tarry
Molar mass : 94.113 g•mol−1
Melting point : 40.5 °C (104.9 °F; 313.6 K)
Boiling point : 181.7 °C (359.1 °F; 454.8 K)
Density : 1.07 g/cm3
CAS Registry Number : 108-95-2
EINECS Number : 100.003.303
HS Code : 29071110
Chemical Structure :

Properties Limits
Appearance, molten Clear and Free of Suspended Matter
Purity, wt% min. 99.85
Freezing Point, °C min. 40.7
Colour, Pt-Co, APHA max. 010
Iron (Fe), ppm max. 0.5
Water, wt% max. 0.05
Packaging

In Drums, Cans and Tankers.

Usage & Applications
  • Laminates and Ply
  • Pharmaceuticals and Drugs
  • Plastic – major uses of phenol, consuming two thirds of its production, involve its conversion to precursors to plastics. Condensation with acetone gives bisphenol-A, a key precursor to polycarbonates and epoxide resins. Condensation of phenol, alkylphenols, or diphenols with formaldehyde gives phenolic resins, a famous example of which is Bakelite.
  • Phenols are widely used in household products and as intermediates for industrial synthesis For example, phenol itself is used (in low concentrations) as a disinfectant in household cleaners and in mouthwash.
  • Phenol may have been the first surgical antiseptic.
  • Phenol is also used in the study and extraction of bio-molecules. Molecular biology finds the application of phenol in the extraction of nucleic acids from tissue samples for further investigations.
  • Cosmetics Industry – Phenol is also used in the cosmetic industry in the manufacturing of sunscreens, skin lightening creams and hair colouring solutions.

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